State the equation used to determine the energy content of a packet of light of specific frequency.

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Photon Flux & Energy Density second Area Number of Photons Photon Flux J hc m W H 2 Energy Density: Photon Flux Energy per Photon : 5 For the same intensity of light shorter wavelengths require fewer photons, since the energy content of each individual photon is greater Radiant Power Density hc E J photon E J m W photons

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where, in mean-sea-level altitude (z) coordinates used here for integrating over observational data, the vertically integrated atmospheric energy content AE per unit surface area [J m −2] reads (3) AE = ∫ z s z TOA ρ c v T + g z - z s + L e q + 1 2 V 2 d z .

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proved wave nature of light by demonstrating diffraction: Planck Relation: relates frequency and energy by namesake constant (E=hv) Enthalpy (H) internal energy plus pressure times volume: Entropy (S) a measure of disorder based on the number of equivalent micro states: Helmholtz Free Energy: useful work attainable from a closed system: Gibbs ... ----- • To calculate the energy content of biogas produced in swine and dairy digesters, a heating value of 1,010 BTUs per ft3 methane was used. • Based on performance data for engine-generator sets obtained from Caterpillar, Inc., it has been suggested that the maximum thermal conversion efficiency of biogas to electricity is 28.5 percent ... 2020 By saza Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB. This equation describes the waves in time and space. A line passing trough the two points A ( x , f(x))

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